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Reflection 14

  1. Define the KEY TERMS in this Module:

Standardized Tests-Tests that have uniform procedures for administration and scoring and often allow a student’s performance to be compared with the performance of other students at the same age or grade level on a national basis

Norm group-The group of individuals previously tested that provides a basis for interpreting a test score

Norm-referenced tests– Standardized tests in which a student’s score is interpreted by comparing it with how others (the norm group) performed

Criterion-referenced tests– Standardized tests in which the student’s performance is compared with established criteria

Validity– The extent to which a test measures what it is intended to measure and whether inferences about the test scores are accurate and appropriate

Reliability– The extent to which a test produces a consistent, reproducible score

Aptitude test– A type of test that is used to predict a student’s ability to learn a skill or accomplish something with further education and training

Achievement test– A test that measures what the student has learned or what skills the student has mastered

Percentile-rank score– The percentage of a distribution that lies at or below the score

Grade-equivalent score-A score that indicates a student’s performance is relation to grade level and months of the school year, assuming a 10-month school year

  1. Think about the controversies related to standardize testing. What challenges or inequities, if any, do you think the students at your site would experience when taking standardized tests? Why do you think this is so?

Many students if they don’t qualify for accommodations on the test would struggle. They have difficulty reading and a fast pace so if it was times that would be a problem they could have. Another is math is not a strong point for most. They can’t use a calculator on these tests and basic math sometimes is hard for them. Most of my students would need more time to finish their test.

  1. To what extent do the teachers at your site prepare students for standardized tests? Are efforts made to align classroom learning with knowledge needed for standardized tests?

Everything we are doing in our class prepares them for the achievement test. They tell them all the time that these things will be on the achievement test and they need to know them. They follow the standards which prepare them for these tests. We also do study island with our students which allows them more practice and gives them the material that will be on these test.

  1. What are some of the central issues that arise in judging the validity of standardized tests with English language learners?

The big thing that could be a problem for these students is the language barrier. Understand the English language could be very challenging for these students so reading questions that are in English could cause confusion and they may not fully ask what the questions are asking.

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Reflection Post 13

  1. Define the KEY TERMS in this Module:

Differentiated Instruction– Involves recognizing individual variations in students’ knowledge, readiness, interests, and other characteristics, and taking these differences into account when planning curriculum and engaging in instruction

Extrinsic Motivation– The external motivation to do something to obtain something else *a means to an end)

Intrinsic Motivation– The internal motivation to do something for its own sake (an end in itself)

Motivation– The processes that energize, direct, and sustain behavior

Self-Actualization– the highest and most elusive of Maslow’s needs; the motivation to develop one’s full potential as a human being

Self-Efficacy– The belief that one can master a situation and produce positive outcomes

Active Listening– A listening style that gives full attention to the speaker and notes the intellectual and emotional content of the message

Attribution Theory– The theory that individuals are motivated to discover the underlying causes of their own behavior and performance

  1. Describe the THEORIST(S) in this Module:

Maslow– Hierarchy of needs, theory of self-actualization, when a human being ascends the steps of the pyramid he reaches self-actualization

  1. Describe the THEORY(IES) in this Module (align to the theorist above when applicable):

Hierarchy of Needs (how is each need met)

Basic needs– the child’s needs are met, hungry, thirsty, or tired

Safety– if the students feel safe or encouraged

Love and Belonging– The students feel like they belong in that classroom

Esteem– Students feel like they can succeed

Selfactualization– students feel confident enough and believe they can do it and then they do it

  1. Select at least one CLASSROOM APPLICATION OF THIS THEORY(IES) from your field placement:

Hierarchy of Needs (how is each need met)

Basic needs– The students get the chance to have breakfast before school starts

Safety– In our classroom the students feel safe, the aren’t fearful, they don’t hold anything back and are able to be themselves

Love and Belonging– The students aren’t afraid to answer and they all are eager to volunteer or help. These students feel comfortable to joke around with one another and as well with the teacher.

Esteem– The students in our classes allow the teacher to push them academically, they know they can do it and the teacher is always encouraging them and telling them how great they did and praises every success.

Self-actualization– Not only does my teacher stress the importance of knowing the content they are learning, but he also emphasizes the importance of being good people and doing the right thing.  This makes the classroom very easy to operate and the class seems to run more smoothly.

  1. Describe the effectiveness of the ONE CLASSROOM APPLICATION OF THIS THEORY:

Hierarchy of Needs (how is each need met)

Basic needs– The students being offered the chance to be provided breakfast is very effective. Most of these students take advantage of it because they wouldn’t get this or this filling of a breakfast at home. Having this then allows them to focus on their learning.

Safety-The students not being fearful and being able to be themselves, it  allows them to be able to learn and not be afraid of saying the wrong answer and not looking smart. They know they are safe within the classroom and they are able to be themselves freely.

Love and Belonging– Know that they belong in this classroom and are a part of this classroom always them to fully learn and absorb everything they are doing and learning. They are comfortable enough to joke around which shows that they feel like they are a part of the class.

Esteem– While the students are being encouraged to do well they know they have the support and it makes them feel good about themselves knowing they can do it. This very effective, my students are special needs and they struggle but they are always told positive things and they feel good about themselves.

Self-actualization– I think this is very effective in the classroom. The students know what they are capable of and they aren’t afraid and this helps when they are learning new things.  They know that the teacher is trying to make them better people

  1. Describe how you will utilize this THEORY(IES) in your future classroom:

Hierarchy of Needs (how is each need met)

Basic Needs– I think I will use this in my classroom by having snacks in my classroom for my students who are hungry and don’t get fed at home. By having this my students will be filled with food that it won’t distract them from their learning

Safety– I would use this in my classroom by allowing the students to know this is a place where they are safe and shouldn’t have to worry. I would want my students to not be afraid and know they can be themselves.

Love and Belonging– I would use this in my classroom by having the students know the students are a part of the classroom. From doing this the students wouldn’t be afraid to be themselves and be a part of the classroom and be active.

Esteem– I would use this in my classroom by always encouraging my students. I would always be positive no matter if the answer is right or wrong. I want my students to feel that they are smart students and they can do anything.

Self-actualization– I think by achieving all of the other steps by students will reach this leave. I will continue to encourage them and make them feel like they are a part of the class and can succeed in everything we are learning.

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